AHARONI, YOḤANAN


AHARONI, YOḤANAN
AHARONI, YOḤANAN (1919–1976), Israeli archaeologist. Aharoni, born in Germany, settled in Palestine in 1933 and was a member of kibbutz Allonim from 1938 to 1947. From 1948 to 1950 he served in the Israeli Army. He was inspector in Galilee for the Department of Antiquities from 1950 to 1955. An archaeological survey conducted by him in Upper Galilee shed new light on the early Israelite settlement during the Early Iron Age. Among his activities during that period were the first explorations in the caves of the Judean Desert, a preliminary   archaeological survey of masada , and excavations at Kedesh in Galilee and Tel Ḥarashim near Peki'in in Upper Galilee. Aharoni served for four seasons as a staff archaeologist on the hazor expedition. He became a research fellow at the Hebrew University and rose to the rank of associate professor (1966). At Ramat Raḥel he uncovered the remains of an impressive Judean citadel. Aharoni also participated in two seasons of intensive exploration of the caves in the Judean Desert (1960–61). From 1963 to 1967 he conducted five seasons of excavation on the Iron Age fortress at tel arad . Subsequently, Aharoni investigated the small temple at lachish for comparisons with that at Arad and found there an older Israelite shrine. In 1968 he became chairman of the department of ancient Near Eastern studies at Tel Aviv University and director of the Institute for Archaeology. In 1969 he commenced the excavation of Tel Be'er Sheva (Tell el-Sabï), the site of the biblical beer -Sheba. Besides his numerous articles in the field of historical geography, he wrote Hitnaḥalut Shivtei Yisrael ba-Galil ha-Elyon (1967) on the settlement of Israelite tribes in Upper Galilee, and the comprehensive study Ereẓ Yisrael bi-Tekufat ha-Mikra (1962; The Land of the Bible, 1967). His Hebrew work, Atlas Karta bi-Tekufat ha-Mikra (Jerusalem, 1964), was combined with a complementary work by M. Avi-Yonah to form The Macmillan Bible Atlas (New York, 1968). Aharoni was joint editor of the Encyclopaedia Judaica' s department on the historical geography of Ereẓ Israel. (Anson Rainey)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Yohanan Aharoni — o Yohanan Aronheim (* 7 de junio de 1919 en Fráncfort del Óder; † 9 de febrero de 1976 en Tel Aviv) fue un arqueólogo germano israelita. Contenido 1 Vida y obra 2 Publicaciones 3 Publicaciones sobre Aharoni …   Wikipedia Español

  • Yohanan Aharoni — (* 7. Juni 1919 in Frankfurt an der Oder; † 9. Februar 1976 in Tel Aviv; eigentlich Yohanan Aronheim) war ein deutsch israelischer Archäologe. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Karriere 2 Veröffentlichungen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Yohanan Aharoni — (né en 1919 à Francfort sur l Oder, mort en 1976) est un archéologue israélien qui a contribué au domaine de l archéologie biblique. Il nait en Allemagne et émigre en terre d Israël en 1933. Il étudie à l école Reali de Haïfa puis à l école d… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Aharoni — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Israel Aharoni (1882 1946), jüdischer Zoologe Tuvia Aharoni (1909–1981), polnisch israelischer Typograf Yohanan Aharoni (1919–1976), israelischer Archäologe Aharoni bezeichnet: Aharoni (Schriftart), nach… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • АХАРОНИ — [Евр. ] Йоханан (1919, Франкфурт на Одере, Германия 1976, Израиль), один из основателей совр. израильской школы археологии (см. Археология библейская), специалист по исторической географии. В Палестину приехал как участник юношеского сионистского …   Православная энциклопедия

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